APT33 Hackers Launching Malware via Obfuscated C2 Server to Hack Organizations in the Middle East, the U.S., and Asia  - botnet 2Bservers - APT33 Hackers using Obfuscated C2 Botnet Server to Hack Organizations

Researchers uncovered a new wave of a targeted cyberattack against the organizations in the Middle East, the U.S., and Asia using an obfuscated Malware with dozen live Command and Control (C&C) botnet servers.

A Well-known threat group is known as APT33 behind the attack, and the group has a record of aggressively attack the oil aviation, governments, engineering, manufacturing, consulting, finance, telecoms, and several other sectors.

A dozen Obfuscated APT33 Botnet C&C servers are using for this malware , and these botnets believed to be comprising a small group up to a dozen infected computers.

Malware that is delivered in this campaign has limited capabilities include downloading additional malware to process further infection.

Compared to other APT groups, APT33 has very aggressive attack records in the past 2 years and they are mostly using spear phishing emails to initiate the attack against the targeted companies.

APT33 Infection Chain with VPN Services

Several Command and control domains are being used for the small botnet that comprised of dozens of bots, and the C2 domains behind this campaign are hosting in the cloud-hosted proxies.

“These proxies relay URL requests from the infected bots to backends at shared webservers that may host thousands of legitimate domains. The backends bot data back to a data aggregator and bot control server that is on a dedicated IP address. “

Attackers using a private VPN network to connect the aggregator and issue a command to the bots via a VPN connection.

Using private VPN networks for infecting the target is very common nowadays. To hide their whereabouts activities, APT33 actors often using commercial VPN services during the maintenance of C&C Botnet servers and reconnaissance activities.

- APT33 Infection Chain - APT33 Hackers using Obfuscated C2 Botnet Server to Hack Organizations

According to Trend Micro research, Though the connections from private VPN networks usch as OpenVPN still come from seemingly unrelated IP addresses around the world, this kind of traffic is actually easier to track. Once we know that an exit node is mainly being used by a particular actor, we can have a high degree of confidence about the attribution of the connections that are made from the IP addresses of the exit node.

In this current attack, APT33 using exclusive exit nodes and the researchers tracked down the several exit nodes that used by APT 33 includes few private VPN exit nodes.

These private VPN exit nodes are also used for reconnaissance of networks that are relevant to the supply chain of the oil industry.

With the help of a Private VPN network, APT33  access websites of penetration testing companies, webmail, websites on vulnerabilities, I also used to read hacker blogs and forums.

It’s highly recommended to check the existence of following IP addresses in the oil and gas industry computer networks.

5.135.120.57
5.135.199.25
31.7.62.48
51.77.11.46
54.36.73.108
54.37.48.172
54.38.124.150
88.150.221.107
91.134.203.59
109.169.89.103
109.200.24.114
137.74.80.220
137.74.157.84
185.122.56.232
185.125.204.57
185.175.138.173
188.165.119.138
193.70.71.112
195.154.41.72
213.32.113.159
216.244.93.137

Trend Micro researchers witnessed some of the above listed IP addresses doing reconnaissance on the network of an oil exploration company and military hospitals in the Middle East, as well as an oil company in the U.S.

Indicator of Compromise

File name SHA256
MsdUpdate.exe e954ff741baebb173ba45fbcfdea7499d00d8cfa2933b69f6cc0970b294f9ffd
MsdUpdate.exe b58a2ef01af65d32ca4ba555bd72931dc68728e6d96d8808afca029b4c75d31e
MsdUpdate.exe a67461a0c14fc1528ad83b9bd874f53b7616cfed99656442fb4d9cdd7d09e449
MsdUpdate.exe c303454efb21c0bf0df6fb6c2a14e401efeb57c1c574f63cdae74ef74a3b01f2



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